Official name: 
Republic of Indonesia
Name in local language: 
Republik Indonesia
Form of government: 
Political system: 
  • Founding date/ Date of independence: 17 August 1945 (from the Netherlands) 
  • Date of constitution/reform: 1945 with four amendments
  • Form of state: Decentralised
  • Administrative divisions: 34 provinces and 5 special districts
  • Official language(s): Bahasa indonesia
  • Other spoken languages: English use limited. Chinese language used by the ethnic Chinese minority, other local languages
  • Official religion:  Multi-religious with five official religions
  • Minorities: Religious: Catholics, Protestants, Buddhists and Hindus. Ethnic: Sundanese, Minangkabau, Betawi, Bugis, Banten and Banja
  • Dominant actor(s): N/A
  • Elected institutions of government: President, Vice-President, Congress, Senate, and  People's Consultative Assembly.
  • Non-elected  institutions of government: N/A
  • Party system: Multi-party system

Current authorities

  • Head of state: Joko Widodo
  • Head of government: Joko Widodo
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs: Retno Marsudi
  • Minister of Interior: Tjahjo Kumolo
  • Head(s) of Legislative Branch: Setya Novanto
  • Composition legislative branch: Link to PDF
  • Head of the Judiciary: Muhammad Hatta Ali
  • Schematic representation of the political system: Link to PDF