Official name: 
State of Israel
Name in local language: 
Medinat Yisrael
Form of government: 
Political system: 
Parliamentary Democracy
  • Founding date/ Date of independence: 1948
  • Date of constitution/reform: no constitution
  • Form of state: Unitary
  • Administrative divisions: 5 districts
  • Official language(s): Hebrew and Arabic
  • Other spoken languages: Yiddish, Russian, English and many others 
  • Religion status of teh State: Confessional (Jewish)
  • Minorities: Arab; religious: Muslim, Christian, and Druze
  • Dominant actor(s): Army and Civil Society
  • Elected institutions of government: Parliament and Local Councils 
  • Non-elected  institutions of government: President
  • Party system: multi-party system, with coexistence of ideological parties and sectorial ones

Current authorities

  • Head of state: Reuven Rivlin, since 2014
  • Head of government: Benjamin Netanyahu since 2009, then 2013, 2015 and 2020
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs: Gavriel Ashkenazi (Blue and White)
  • Minister of Interior: Aryeh Deri (Shas)
  • Minister of Defense: Benjamin (Benny) Gantz (Blue and White) 
  • Head(s) of Legislative Branch: Yariv Levin (Likud)
  • Composition legislative branch: Link to PDF
  • Head of the Judiciary: Esther Hayut (President of the Supreme Court)
  • Schematic representation of the political system: