Republic of Yemen
Name in local language:
الجمهوريّة اليمنية transliterated as al-Jumhuriya al-yamaniya
Form of government:
- Founding date/ Date of independence: Unification of two Yemens - 22 May 1990
- Date of constitution/reform: 16 May 1991, amended 29 September 1994 and 24 February 2001. Constitutional review process currently underway.
- Form of state: Decentralized
- Administrative divisions: 20 provinces + Sanaa capital
- Official language(s): Arabic
- Other spoken languages: Mehri, Soqotri and Bathari
- Official religion: Islam (non-denominational)
- Minorities: Linguistic: Mehri, Soqotri and Bathari. Religious: Sunni Islam (Shafí) 55%, Shia Islam (Ismaili and Zaydi, mainly Houthis) 42%, others (Jews, Christians, and Hindus) 3%
- Dominant actor(s):Military-economic-tribal complex
- Elected institutions of government: Parliament, Presidency and local councils
- Non-elected institutions of government: Consultative Council
- Party system: Multi-party system (25 political parties)
- Head of state: Abdel Rabbuh Mansur Hadi (GPC party), in exile since January 2015. Revolutionary government in Sana'a, led by Mohamed Ali al Houthi, since January 2015.
- Head of government: Mohammed Basindawa (Opposition - independent), resigned in January 2015.
- Minister of Foreign Affairs: Abu Bakr al-Qirbi (GPC), resigned in January 2015.
- Minister of Interior: Abdel Qader Qahtán (Islah party), resigned in January 2015.
- Head(s) of Legislative Branch: Yahya al-Rai (GPC), contested.
- Composition legislative branch: Link to PDF
- Head of the Judiciary:
- Schematic representation of the political system: Link to PDF
- Government of Yemen: 34 member coalition government (17 GPC / 17 Opposition members), contested.
- Government of Mansour Hadi
- Website Ministries
- Ministry of Interior
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Arabic)
- Saba News: State Agency
- Yemen Times: Leading English-language newspaper
- Yemen Post: Leading English-language newspaper
- 1994 Constitution ; 2001 Amendments ; Implementation Mechanism of Gulf Initiative
- Election law:
- Party law