The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Name in local language:
اَلمَمْلَكَة اَلأُرْدُنِيَّة اَلهَاشِمِيَّة transliterated as al-Mamlakah al-ʾUrdunniyyah al-Hāšimiyyah
Form of government:
- Founding date/ Date of independence: The Emirate of Transjordan was created in 1921 as a British protectorate. Independence came in 1946 as the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan, and the country's name was changed in Kingdom of Jordan in 1951.
- Date of constitution/reform: 1952, modified on several occasions
- Form of state: Unitary
- Administrative divisions: 12 governorates (muhafazah)
- Official language(s): Arabic
- Other spoken languages: English
- Official religion: Islam
- Minorities: Religious minorities include Christians, Druze & Shia Muslims. Ethnic minorities is a sensitive issue due to the presence of more Palestinians in Jordan, than the original Bedouins of Jordanian origin. There are small Circassian & Armenian ethnic minorities.
- Dominant actor(s): Monarchy
- Elected institutions of government: House of Representatives (Majlis al-Nuwaab), Mayors - of all cities except Amman
- Non-elected institutions of government: House of Senate (Majlis al-Aayan), Governors of the 12 governorates, Mayor of Amman
- Party system: Political parties were legalized in 1992 and multiple political parties exist. However, most are weak and disorganised and real multi-party politics is lacking in Jordan.
- Head of state: King Abdullah II, since 7 February 1999
- Head of government: Abdullah Ensour, prime minister since 11 October 2012
- Minister of Foreign Affairs: Nasser Judeh
- Minister of Interior: Salameh Hammad
- Head(s) of Legislative Branch: Atef Tarawneh (speaker of Parliament)
- Composition of the legislative branch: link to PDF graph
- Head of the Judiciary: Taher Hikmat (president of the Constitutional Court)
- Schematic representation of the political system: link to PDF graph