Electoral System

General features

In parliamentary elections the system  is proportional  based on party lists and neither independent candidates nor coalitions of parties are allowed to take part in elections. The system is based on a single constituency and used a double threshold: a national 5 percent of the election census plus a 0.5 percent on a regional basis. There is a limit on the number of deputies from s single party in the Kenesh to a maximum of 64 out of the total of 120, hindering the development of a hegemonic party of power.

On the other hand, the presidential elections are held using a two-round majority system with just one, national constituency. In the event that a candidate wins more than 50 percent of valid votes in the first round he is automatically declared the winner and a second round becomes unnecessary. If there is no winner in the first round, the two candidates with the most votes compete in a second round using the same majority system. The president is elected for a six-year term and cannot be re-elected according to the terms of the country's new legislation.


Elective Institutions